Treatment for Type 1 Diabetes 

Effective diabetes management starts with understanding your diagnosis and putting together a treatment plan with your diabetes support team. Type 1 diabetes usually requires insulin therapy as a part of an effective treatment plan. Your treatment plan can even be improved through the use of continuous glucose monitoring. The diabetes managment tools that are available are many and the advances in diabetes treatments are seemingly endless. If you can adopt a can-do, take-charge attitude about your diabetes, you can definitely beat diabetes. Below we offer tips on how to control diabetes.

Blood Glucose Targets

Blood glucose testing is an integral part of managing diabetes effectively. Your glucose blood test should be administered at least 5-8 times per day. My minimum testing regimen consist of testing 4 times -before each meal and at bedtime. We should try to maintain certain glucose target levels for different events during the day.

Ideal glucose targets for different times of the day are listed below:


  • Before meals.......70-120mg/dL
  • 1 hr. post meal... 180 mg/dL
  • Bedtime...............70-120 mg/dL

Cardiac risk reduction is the most important management issue for people with diabetes. The National Diabetes Education Program recommends the following targets for most people with diabetes. These targets are called the ABCs of Diabetes consist of three components:

  • A1C (Blood Glucose)
  • Blood Pressure
  • Cholesterol

A1C should be less than 7 percent and should be checked at least twice a year, Blood Pressure should be less than 130/80 mmHg and checked at every doctor's visit, and Cholesterol (LDL) should be less than 100 mg/dl and checked at least once per year.


Diet and exercise go hand in hand with good diabetes management. Diet can be individualized and attention must be paid to managing incidences of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia.

Exercise can also be individualized and must also be coordinated with insulin intake to avoid hypoglycemia.

Self Management of Diabetes

The most important requirements for good diabetes control are a good diabetes support team and a strong commitment to diabetes self management. People with diabetes must take responsibility and be fully accountable for the daily management of their diabetes. Diabetes complications can be significantly reduced by keeping blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels in the target range.

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